Whatever design period or style your landscape or garden came from, it all boils down to the fact that they make use of the same basic design principles. The following factors must be considered when it comes to well designed gardens: its scale, unity, tone and color, space division, light and shade, and space division.
Garden designers must also take into account seasonal changes as well as maturation of plants. Lastly, time is of the essence when it comes to garden design unlike other decorative and fine arts.
First, the aspect of unity will be discussed.
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Unity is an aspect that is usually lacking in gardens of today maybe because of the influence brought about by the contemporary era. People are living hectic lives where there is little to no room for patching up their gardens and even their lives. The overall goal, however, for unity is to give a strength of purpose or totality to the garden design. There is more to making a garden whole than just making use of its texture and tone and color as its unifying garden elements.
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Gardens nowadays make use of an inward design because not all people can afford to live in country estates where the horizon is easily seem over the hill. Even so, this does not imply that one cannot obtain a static or progressive garden design. Leading the eyes down an axis is the goal of the progressive type of garden design. On the other hand, the static garden design is made on an open space in the center where the eye is able to focus to the rest of the garden.
Scale is the second aspect one must be able to consider.
Scale is crucial when it comes to your garden design whatever it may be. You should bear in mind that even an outdoor room is competing with the sky’s vastness. Ample proportion is always essential as well as familiarity with the laws of perspective. When you talk about your landscape or garden space, it must be defined based on the human scale. If you have garden assets that are humongous such as enormous trees, then it is recommended that you add a buffer or transition of medium scale for it to further relate to other people.
Now there are two options when it comes to the scale of your garden design. You can choose to have all parts fit together as a whole. On the other hand, you may choose only one part to dominate the garden. This is one means of making a focal point. You should also consider the reaction that you get with your eyes. When you look down, your view is lengthened, whereas when you look uphill, your view is shortened. You may blur or enlarge your garden boundaries by placing them in shade.